百老汇游戏平台网址|诚信|TOP

    <track id="8f9gg"></track>

    1. <pre id="8f9gg"><ruby id="8f9gg"></ruby></pre>
      <table id="8f9gg"><ruby id="8f9gg"></ruby></table>
      <pre id="8f9gg"><label id="8f9gg"><menu id="8f9gg"></menu></label></pre>

    2. Home | About | Contact
      Africa
      AFRICA
      Algeria
      Angola
      Benin
      Botswana
      Burkina Faso
      Burundi
      Cameroon
      Cape Verde
      Central African Republic
      Chad
      Comoros
      Congo
      Cote d'ivoire
      Djibouti
      Egypt
      Equatorial Guinea
      Eritrea
      Ethiopia
      Gabon
      Gambia
      Ghana
      Guinea
      Guinea-Bissau
      Kenya
      Lesotho
      Liberia
      Libya
      Madagascar
      Malawi
      Mali
      Mauritania
      Mauritius
      Morocco
      Mozambique
      Namibia
      Niger
      Nigeria
      Reunion
      Rwanda
      Sao Tome and Principe
      Senegal
      Seychelles
      Sierra Leone
      Somalia
      South Africa
      Sudan
      Swaziland
      Tanzania
      Togo
      Tunisia
      Uganda
      Western Sahara
      Zambia
      Zimbabwe
      Asia
      ASIA
      Bangladesh
      Bhutan
      Brunei
      Cambodia
      China
      Hong Kong
      India
      Indonesia
      Japan
      Kazakhstan
      Korea
      Laos
      Malaysia
      Maldives
      Mongolia
      Myanmar
      Nepal
      Pakistan
      Philippines
      Singapore
      Sri Lanka
      Taiwan
      Thailand
      Vietnam
      Europe
      EUROPE
      Albania
      Andorra
      Armenia
      Austria
      Azerbaijan
      Belarus
      Belgium
      Bosnia-Herzegovena
      Bulgaria
      Croatia
      Cyprus
      Czech Republic
      Denmark
      Estonia
      Finland
      France
      Georgia
      Germany
      Gibraltar
      Greece
      Hungary
      Iceland
      Ireland
      Italy
      Latvia
      Liechtenstein
      Lithuania
      Luxembourg
      Macedonia
      Malta
      Moldova
      Monaco
      Netherlands
      Norway
      Poland
      Portugal
      Romania
      Russia
      San Marino
      Serbia and Montenegro
      Slovakia
      Slovenia
      Spain
      Sweden
      Switzerland
      Turkey
      Ukraine
      United Kingdom
      Australia & New Zealand
      Australia
      New Zealand
      North America
      Canada
      United States of America
      Central America & Carribbean
      CENTRAL AMERICA AND CARRIBBEAN
      Antigua and Barbadu
      Bahamas
      Barbados
      Belize
      Costa Rica
      Cuba
      Dominica
      Dominican Republic
      El Salvador
      Grenada
      Guatemala
      Haiti
      Honduras
      Jamaica
      Nicaragua
      Panama
      Saint Kitts and Nevis
      Saint Lucia
      Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
      Trinidad and Tobago
      South America
      SOUTH AMERICA
      Argentina
      Belize
      Bolivia
      Brazil
      Chile
      Columbia
      Ecuador
      Guyana
      Paraguay
      Peru
      Suriname
      Uruguay
      Venezuela
      Middle East
      MIDDLE EAST
      Afghanistan
      Bahrain
      Iran
      Iraq
      Israel
      Jordan
      Kuwait
      Kyrgyztan
      Lebanon
      Oman
      Qatar
      Saudi Arabia
      Syria
      Tajikistan
      Turkmenistan
      United Arab Emirates
      Uzbekistan
      Alphabetical listing
      - A -
      - B -
      - C -
      - D -
      - E -
      - F -
      - G -
      - H -
      - I -
      - J -
      - K -
      - L -
      - M -
      - N -
      - O -
      - P -
      - Q -
      - R -
      - S -
      - T -
      - U -
      - V -
      - W -
      - Y -
      - Z -

       

       

      COUNTRY FOCUS
      You are here: Europe > Finland

      Finland

      General background information

      General background information including politics, international relations and economic overview.

      Diplomatic and trade Representation
      Links to diplomatic sites and trade representation for this country
      Fact sheets
      Links to sites that offer short profiles of this country
      Guides
      Links to sites that provide more detailed information and background on this country
      Statistics
      Links to sites that provide statistical data on this country
      Business and trade
      Links to business, trade and industry information
      News
      Links to news, newspapers and other publications
      Government
      Links to government information and sites
      Industry
      Links to various industry sector
      Transport
      Links to information on transport and organisations to do with transport
      Reference
      Links to reference information
      Travel
      Links to travel information for the business person

      Landscape in Finland
      Landscape in Finland

      Republic of Finland

      Flag of the Philippines

      Coat of arms of the Philippines

      Flag

      Coat of Arms

      Location of the Philippines

      Capital  

      Helsinki
      60°10′N, 024°56′E

      Largest city  

      Helsinki

      Official languages  

      Finnish, Swedish

      Government  

      Semi-presidential republic

      Area

       Total  

      338,424 km² (64th)
      130,596 sq mi

       Water (%)  

      10

      Population

       2010 estimate  

      5,356,358 (111th)

       2000 census  

      5,180,000

       Density  

      16 /km² (99th)
      40 /sq mi

      GDP (nominal)  

      2008 estimate

       Total  

      $191.406 billion (52nd)

       Per capita  

      $36,320 (20th)

      Human Development Index  (2005)  

      0.959 (very high) (12th)

      Currency  

      Euro (€) (EUR)

      Hours ahead (+) or behind (-) SA:  

      +1

      Internet TLD  

      .fi

      Calling code  

      +358

      ISO code  

      FI

       

      Background

      Finland is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of Northern Europe. It is bordered by Sweden on the west, Norway on the north and Russia on the east, while Estonia lies to its south across the Gulf of Finland. The capital city is Helsinki.

      Around 5.4 million people reside in Finland, with the majority concentrated in the southern part of the country. It is the eighth largest country in Europe in terms of area and the most sparsely populated country in the European Union. The native language of nearly all of the population is Finnish. The language is one of only four official EU languages not of Indo-European origin. The second official language of Finland - Swedish - is the native language of 5.5% of the population. Finland is a parliamentary republic with a central government based in Helsinki and local governments in 342 municipalities. A total of about one million residents live in the Greater Helsinki area (which includes Helsinki, Espoo, Kauniainen and Vantaa), and a third of the country's GDP is produced there. Other major cities include Tampere, Turku, Oulu, Jyv鋝kyl? Kuopio and Lahti.

      Finland has been ranked the second most stable country in the world, in a survey based on social, economic, political and military indicators. It was a relative latecomer to industrialization, remaining a largely agrarian country until the 1950s. Thereafter, economic development was rapid, and the country reached the world's top income levels in the 1970s. Between 1970 and 1990, Finland built an extensive welfare state. In the aftermath of the country's severe depression in the early 1990s, successive governments have changed the Finnish economic system through some privatisation, deregulation and tax cuts.

      Finland is well placed in many international comparisons of national performance such as the share of high-technology manufacturing and health care. The country is ranked 1st in the 2009 Legatum Prosperity rating, which is based on economical performance and quality of life.

      Politics

      The Constitution of Finland defines the political system. Finland is a representative democracy with a semi-presidential parliamentary system. Aside from state-level politics, residents use their vote in municipal elections and in the European Union elections.

      According to the Constitution, the President of Finland is the head of state and responsible for foreign policy (which excludes affairs related to the European Union) in cooperation with the cabinet. Other powers include Commander-in-Chief, decree, and appointive powers. Direct vote is used to elect the president for a term of six years and maximum two consecutive terms. The current president is Tarja Halonen (SDP).

      Since equal and common suffrage was introduced in 1906, the parliament has been dominated by the Centre Party (former Agrarian Union), National Coalition Party and Social Democrats, which have approximately equal support and represent 65-80% of voters. After 1944 Communists were a factor to consider for a few decades. The relative strengths of the parties vary only slightly in the elections because of the proportional election from multi-member districts, but there are some visible long-term trends. The autonomous 舕and islands has separate elections, where Liberals for 舕and was the largest party in 2007 elections.

      Economic overview

      Finland has a highly industrialized free-market economy with a per capita output equal to that of other European economies such as France, Germany, Belgium or the UK. The largest sector of the economy is services at 65.7%, followed by manufacturing and refining at 31.4%. Primary production is 2.9%. With respect to foreign trade, the key economic sector is manufacturing. The largest industries are electronics (21.6%), machinery, vehicles and other engineered metal products (21.1%), forest industry (13.1%) and chemicals (10.9%). Finland has timber and several mineral and freshwater resources. Forestry, paper factories, and the agricultural sector (on which taxpayers spend around 3 billion euros annually) are politically sensitive to rural residents. The Greater Helsinki area generates around a third of GDP. In a 2004 OECD comparison, high-technology manufacturing in Finland ranked second largest after Ireland. Knowledge-intensive services have also ranked the smallest and slow-growth sectors - especially agriculture and low-technology manufacturing - second largest after Ireland. Overall short-term outlook was good, and GDP growth has been above many EU peers. Inflation has been low, averaging 1.8% between 2004 and 2006.

      Finland is highly integrated in the global economy, and international trade is a third of GDP. The European Union makes 60% of the total trade. The largest trade flows are with Germany, Russia, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States, Netherlands and China. Trade policy is managed by the European Union, where Finland has traditionally been among the free trade supporters, except for agriculture. Finland is the only Nordic country to have joined the Eurozone.

      . As of 2006, 2.4 million households reside in Finland. The average size is 2.1 persons; 40% of households consist of a single person, 32% two persons and 28% three or more persons. Residential buildings total 1.2 million and the average residential space is 38 m2 per person. The average residential property without land costs 1,187 euro per sq metre and residential land 8.6 euro per sq metre. 74% of households had a car. There are 2.5 million cars and 0.4 million other vehicles. Around 92% have a mobile phone and 83.5% (2009) Internet connection at home. The average total household consumption was 20,000 euro, out of which housing consisted of about 5500 euro, transport about 3000 euro, food and beverages excluding alcoholic at around 2500 euro, recreation and culture at around 2000 euro.[73] Purchasing power-adjusted average household consumption is about the same level as it is in Germany, Sweden and Italy.[64] According to Invest in Finland, private consumption grew by 3% in 2006 and consumer trends included durables, high quality products, and spending on well-being.

      Transportation

      Helsinki-Vantaa Airport is the largest and busiest airport in Helsinki Metropolitan Area and the whole of Finland.The main international passenger gateway is Helsinki-Vantaa Airport with over 13 million passengers in 2008. Oulu Airport is the second largest and around 25 airports have scheduled passenger services. The Helsinki-Vantaa based Finnair, Blue1 and Finncomm Airlines sell air services both domestically and internationally, and there are many others offering direct flights around the world. Helsinki has an optimal location for great circle routes between Western Europe and the Far East. Despite low population density, taxpayers spend annually around 350 million euro in maintaining 5,865 kilometres (3,644 mi) railway tracks even to many rural towns. Only one rail company operates in Finland, VR Group, which has 5% passenger market share (out of which 80% are urban trips in Greater Helsinki) and 25% cargo market share. Helsinki has an urban rail network.

      The majority of international cargo utilizes ports. Port logistics prices are low. Vuosaari harbour in Helsinki is the largest container port after completion in 2008 and others include Hamina, Hanko, Pori, Rauma, Oulu. There is passenger traffic from Helsinki and Turku, which have ferry connections to Tallinn, Mariehamn and Stockholm. The Helsinki-Tallinn route, one of the busiest passenger sea routes in the world[citation needed], has also been served by a helicopter line.

      This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Metasyntactic variable".

       

      Top of page

      translation services for exporters

      site search by freefind
      Resources
      Overseas Trade Offices
      Embassies and Consulates
      Country Risk Evaluator
      Translators
      Currency Converter
      TARIC codes
      HS Classification
      SIC Codes
      Country Codes
      Airline Codes
      Airport Codes
      Port Codes
      Bilateral Chambers
      SA Missions Abroad
      Missions in SA
      International statistics

      ExportHelp

      Our sister sites:

      CountryHelp

      TradeTraining

      FreightForwarderHelp

      AssociationFinder

      LearnTheNet

       


      Disclaimer | Privacy Policy

      © Copyright Interactive Reality

               
      百老汇游戏平台网址